Population of main cities:
Tehran (8,154,051); Mashhad (2,749,374); Esfahan (1,756,126); Karaj (1,614,626); Tabriz (1,494,998); Shiraz (1,460,665); Ahwaz (1,112,021)
Persians are Iran's largest ethnic group (about 60%), but nearly a dozen other ethnicities represent well over a third of the population. The largest ethnic groups include the Azeris (about 16%), the Kurds (about 10%), the Lurs (about 5%) and others (Baluchis, Turkmen, Armenians, etc.). (Statistical Centre)
Persian, also called Farsi, is understood by 83% of the population.
Other Languages Spoken:
Iran contains several minority groups which speak dialects related to Farsi. These dialects are practically in the process of extinction. Also let us note that the borders of Iran have been inhabited by many common ethnic minorities with the neighboring states. Among the important minority linguistic groups, the Azeris (20%) and Luris (6.6%) in the North, the Kurds (9%) in the West, the Arabs (2.1%) in South-West, Turkmen (1.5%) in the North-East, Baluchis (1.3%) in the South-East deserve a mention.
Shiite Muslims 94.5%; Sunni Muslims 3.8%; Judaism, Zoroastrian (1 %)
It is %T:%M %A In Teheran
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Iran Rial (IRR)
Type of State:
Islamic Republic. Theocratic republic based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy:
According to the World Bank classification, Iran is a country with intermediate income (lower bracket)
Dependence on hydrocarbon exports. Iran has to face many economic sanctions imposed by the international community.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Iran, dial 00
To call Iran, dial +98
10.5 per 100 Inhabitants
38.0 per 100 Inhabitants
26.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Last Updates: November 2017