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flag Mauritania Mauritania: Introduction

Capital: Nouakchott

Population

Total Population: 4,301,018
Natural Increase: 2.8%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 60.4%
Population of main cities: Nouakchott (958,399); Nouadhibou (118,167); Fassala (65,927)
Ethnic Origins: About 40% Moors, 30% other Africans (non-Arabic speaking, Halpulaar, Soninke, Wolof and Bamara) and 30% Moors of Arab-Berber descent (known as Bidhan)
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: Dialectal Arabic hassanya, French, Fula, Soninke and Wolof
Business Language(s): Arabic and French
Religion: The population is 99% Muslim.
Literacy Rate: 51.2%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Nouakchott

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO)



Country Overview

Area: 1,030,700 km²
Type of State: Islamic Republic state based on parliamentary democracy (Presidential system).
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Least Developed Countries (LDC). .
Desert country. The exploitation of iron ore, gold and copper is dominant in the economy, some petroleum extraction and fishing.
HDI*: 0.506/1
HDI (World Rank): 156/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


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27°

Low: 22°  |  High: 35°

Humidity: 50%  |  Wind: 28.97 km/h
Sunrise: 7:3 am  |  Sunset: 6:32 pm

Source: Yahoo Weather, Nouakchott

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Mauritania, dial 00
To call Mauritania, dial +222
Internet Suffix: .mr
Telephone Lines: 1.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 5.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 21.76% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 3,1293,0442,6462,0531,825
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,6412,6521,9351,5021,299
Imports of Services (million USD) 968941848n/a670
Exports of Services (million USD) 128168255n/a181

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017

 

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Last Updates: July 2017