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flag Pakistan Pakistan: Introduction

Capital: Islamabad


Total Population: 193,203,476
Natural Increase: 2.0%
Density: 251 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 39.2%
Population of main cities (including suburbs): Karachi (9,339,023); Lahore (5,143,495); Faisalabad (2,008,861); Rawalpindi (1,409,768); Multan (1,197,384); Hyderabad (1,166,894); Gujranwala (1,132,509); Peshawar (982,816)
Ethnic Origins: Punjabi about 45%, Pashtun (Pathan) about 15%, Sindhi about 14%, about Sariaki 8%, Muhaigirs about 7%, Urdu about 7%, Balochi about 3%, Others about 1%. (Bureau of Statistics).
Official Language: Urdu, English
Other Languages Spoken: Punjabi (spoken by 48% of country’s population), Sindhi (12%), Siraiki [a Punjabi variant] (10%), Pashtu (8%), Balochi (3%), Hindko (2%), Brahui (1%), Burushaski and Other (8%)
Business Language(s):

Practically all business correspondence is made in English, though Urdu is also sometimes used by local companies.

In Pakistani cities and urban areas, majority of the people can speak and understand English. However in case of rural areas, one may need the services of an interpreter.
Religion: Official Religion: Islam

Muslims 97% (Sunni 77%, Shi'a 20%), Other (includes Christians and Hindus) 3%.

Literacy Rate: 49.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Islamabad

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Pakistani Rupee (PKR)

Country Overview

Area: 796,100 km²
Type of State: Islamic Federal republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Emerging economy, Underdeveloped country..
Agriculture is the principal sector of activity; the economy is heavily dependent on textiles and cotton.
HDI*: 0.538/1
HDI (World Rank): 147/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Low: 9°  |  High: 16°

Humidity: 69%  |  Wind: 11.27 km/h
Sunrise: 7:4 am  |  Sunset: 5:39 pm

Source: Yahoo Weather, Islamabad


Telephone Code:
To call from Pakistan, dial 00
To call Pakistan, dial +92
Internet Suffix: .pk
Telephone Lines: 3.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 10.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 93.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 44,10544,64747,43444,21947,155
Exports of Goods (million USD) 24,56725,12124,70622,18820,435
Imports of Services (million USD) 7,6347,2417,7517,3787,953
Exports of Services (million USD) 3,2053,3093,5093,2774,949

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: November 2017