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flag Syria Syria: Introduction

Capital: Damascus

Population

Total Population: 18,430,453
Natural Increase: -1.6%
Density: 100 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 58.1%
Population of main cities: Aleppo (2,132,100); Damascus (1,414,913); Hims (652,609); Latakia (383,786); Hama (312,994)
Ethnic Origins: Arabs about 90%; Armenians, Kurds and others about 10%.
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: Kurdish (spoken in the north and north east), Armenian (mainly in Aleppo), Turkish (east of the Euphrates) and Aramaic (biblical language spoken north of Damascus). French is spoken rarely, English prevails in large cities.
Business Language(s): Arabic, French and English.
Religion: Sunni Muslims 74%; Christians (Maronites, Orthodox, others) 10%; Religious communities derived from Islam: Alawites, Druzes, Ismaelians 16%; A small Jewish community (mainly in Damascus, Kamishli and Aleppo).
Literacy Rate: 80.8%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Damascus

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Syrian Pound (SYP)



Country Overview

Area: 185,180 km²
Type of State: Syria is a republic officially based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy.
A country that depends a lot on its petroleum activity. It ranks 29th in the world with production of 26 million tons. Agriculture employs 35% of the active population.
HDI*: 0.594/1
HDI (World Rank): 134/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


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12°

Low: 12°  |  High: 21°

Humidity: 89%  |  Wind: 11.27 km/h
Sunrise: 5:54 am  |  Sunset: 4:42 pm

Source: Yahoo Weather, Damascus

Telecommunication

Telephone Code:
To call from Syria, dial 00 or +
To call Syria, dial +963
Internet Suffix: .sy
Telephone Lines: 20.9 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 24.3 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 96.26% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

 
Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 7,3005,4006,7005,0004,500
Exports of Goods (million USD) 4,0002,0002,0002,2001,800

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017

 

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Last Updates: June 2017