Population of main metropolitan areas:
Toronto (6,947,229); Montreal (4,394,467); Vancouver (2,479,623); Ottawa-Gatineau (1,477,881); Calgary (1,417,661); Edmonton (1,283,049); Quebec (865,926); Winnipeg (836,416); Hamilton (619,024)
In the last century, the majority of Canadians were of British and French origin, in addition to indigenous peoples. However, successive waves of immigrants from many different countries have considerably diversified Canada's ethnic makeup: Canadian (mostly Anglophone and Francophone Europeans) about 32%, English about 20%, French 15%, Scottish 14%, Irish 14%, German 10%, Italian 4%, Chinese 5%, North American Indian about 4%. Around 51% of the population also declared being from another ethnic background (it is possible to declare more than one ethnicity in Canada). (Statistics Canada)
English and French
Other Languages Spoken:
is the third most widely spoken language in Canada. More than 100 different languages were declared when an inventory was made of mother tongues. The list includes Chinese, German, Italian, Ukrainian, Dutch, Polish and various Asian and Middle Eastern languages. Aboriginal languages are also widely spoken in many regions.
English is the most commonly spoken language in Canada. All government departments must be bilingual in English and French.
Catholics 39%, Protestants 24.1%, Orthodox Christians 1.7%, Non-religious 23.9%, Muslims 3.2%, Jews 1%, Buddhists 1.1%, Hindus 1.5%, Sikhs 1.4%.
It is %T:%M %A In Quebec, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa
It is %T:%M %A In Edmonton, Calgary
It is %T:%M %A In Whitehorse, Vancouver
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD)
Type of State:
Constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy and federation.
Type of Economy:
High-income economy, OECD member, G8 member.
The second largest country in the world; the leading producer of zinc and uranium; a major importer of agricultural products.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To call from Canada, dial 011
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94.3 per 100 Inhabitants
51.9 per 100 Inhabitants
86.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
100% of the Population
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Last Updates: February 2018