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flag Iran Iran: Introduction

Capital: Tehran


Total Population: 80,277,428
Natural Increase: 1.1%
Density: 49 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 73.9%
Population of main cities: Tehran (8,154,051); Mashhad (2,749,374); Esfahan (1,756,126); Karaj (1,614,626); Tabriz (1,494,998); Shiraz (1,460,665); Ahwaz (1,112,021)
Ethnic Origins: Persians are Iran's largest ethnic group (about 60%), but nearly a dozen other ethnicities represent well over a third of the population. The largest ethnic groups include the Azeris (about 16%), the Kurds (about 10%), the Lurs (about 5%) and others (Baluchis, Turkmen, Armenians, etc.). (Statistical Centre)
Official Language: Persian, also called Farsi, is understood by 83% of the population.
Other Languages Spoken: Iran contains several minority groups which speak dialects related to Farsi. These dialects are practically in the process of extinction. Also let us note that the borders of Iran have been inhabited by many common ethnic minorities with the neighboring states. Among the important minority linguistic groups, the Azeris (20%) and Luris (6.6%) in the North, the Kurds (9%) in the West, the Arabs (2.1%) in South-West, Turkmen (1.5%) in the North-East, Baluchis (1.3%) in the South-East deserve a mention.
Business Language(s): English
Religion: Shiite Muslims 94.5%; Sunni Muslims 3.8%; Judaism, Zoroastrian (1 %)
Literacy Rate: 82.4%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Teheran

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Iran Rial (IRR)

Country Overview

Area: 1,745,150 km²
Type of State: Islamic Republic. Theocratic republic based on a parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: According to the World Bank classification, Iran is a country with intermediate income (lower bracket) .
Dependence on hydrocarbon exports. Iran has to face many economic sanctions imposed by the international community.
HDI*: 0.766/1
HDI (World Rank): 69/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Low: 6°  |  High: 16°

Humidity: 58%  |  Wind: 11.27 km/h
Sunrise: 6:34 am  |  Sunset: 6:0 pm

Source: Yahoo Weather, Tehran


Telephone Code:
To call from Iran, dial 00
To call Iran, dial +98
Internet Suffix: .ir
Computers: 10.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 38.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 26.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 57,09249,00051,00042,50040,000
Exports of Goods (million USD) 104,00082,50088,80063,00066,000
Imports of Services (million USD) 14,88115,28715,67913,68014,694
Exports of Services (million USD) 8,2598,7769,3429,59210,202

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: November 2017