en de es fr it pt zh-CN Find us on Twitter Find us on LinkedIn

flag Mauritania Mauritania: Introduction

Capital: Nouakchott


Total Population: 4,301,018
Natural Increase: 2.8%
Density: 4 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 60.4%
Population of main cities: Nouakchott (958,399); Nouadhibou (118,167); Fassala (65,927)
Ethnic Origins: About 40% Moors, 30% other Africans (non-Arabic speaking, Halpulaar, Soninke, Wolof and Bamara) and 30% Moors of Arab-Berber descent (known as Bidhan)
Official Language: Arabic
Other Languages Spoken: Dialectal Arabic hassanya, French, Fula, Soninke and Wolof
Business Language(s): Arabic and French
Religion: The population is 99% Muslim.
Literacy Rate: 51.2%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Nouakchott

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO)

Country Overview

Area: 1,030,700 km²
Type of State: Islamic Republic state based on parliamentary democracy (Presidential system).
Type of Economy: Low-income economy, Least Developed Countries (LDC). .
Desert country. The exploitation of iron ore, gold and copper is dominant in the economy, some petroleum extraction and fishing.
HDI*: 0.506/1
HDI (World Rank): 156/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.



Low: 15°  |  High: 21°

Humidity: 80%  |  Wind: 22.53 km/h
Sunrise: 7:24 am  |  Sunset: 7:10 pm

Source: Yahoo Weather, Nouakchott


Telephone Code:
To call from Mauritania, dial 00
To call Mauritania, dial +222
Internet Suffix: .mr
Telephone Lines: 1.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 5.4 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 21.76% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 3,1293,0442,6462,0531,825
Exports of Goods (million USD) 2,6412,6521,9351,5021,299
Imports of Services (million USD) 968941848n/a670
Exports of Services (million USD) 128168255n/a181

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


Any Comments About This Content? Report It to Us.

© Export Entreprises SA, This document is protected by the laws of the copyright. All rights are reserved to its owner.
Last Updates: November 2017