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flag Venezuela Venezuela: Introduction

Capital: Caracas


Total Population: 31,568,179
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 36 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 89.0%
Population of main cities: Caracas (1,942,652); Maracaibo (1,898,770); Valence (1,378,958); Barquisimeto (936,065); Ciudad Guayana (672,651); Maturin (447,283); Maracay (401,294)
Ethnic Origins: The origins of the population are Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, German, African and native. About two-thirds of the population is of mixed ethnic origin, 21% of European and north American origin, 10% of African origin and 2% native.
Official Language: Spanish.
Other Languages Spoken: English, French, German and Portuguese are also spoken by some sections of the population.
Business Language(s): Even if English is used, it is still strongly advisable to speak Spanish. Most of the population does not speak English and all official documents must be drawn up in Spanish.
Religion: Catholics 96%, Protestants 2%, Others 2%.
Literacy Rate: 93.0%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Caracas

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Venezuelan Bolivar (VEF)

Country Overview

Area: 912,050 km²
Type of State: Bolivarian Republic. Federal state based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Upper-middle-income economy.
Economy highly dependent on fluctuating oil prices.
HDI*: 0.762/1
HDI (World Rank): 71/188

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.



Low: 13°  |  High: 23°

Humidity: 75%  |  Wind: 11.27 km/h
Sunrise: 6:43 am  |  Sunset: 6:38 pm

Source: Yahoo Weather, Caracas


Telephone Code:
To call from Venezuela, dial 00
To call Venezuela, dial +58
Internet Suffix: .ve
Computers: 8.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 25.6 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 44.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20122013201420152016
Imports of Goods (million USD) 51,33148,77343,17033,00013,550
Exports of Goods (million USD) 97,34088,75374,71436,70024,630
Imports of Services (million USD) 18,34018,59416,10413,92118,529
Exports of Services (million USD) 1,8061,8491,5621,456n/a

Source: WTO – World Trade Organisation, 2017


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Last Updates: November 2017